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ROHM’s New Matrix-Type LED Drivers for Automotive LCD Backlights Enable Independent Control of up to 192 Zones

ROHM Semiconductor announced the new BD94130xxx-M series (BD94130MUF-ME2, BD94130EFV-ME2) of LED driver ICs for automotive LCD backlights. The devices support large displays increasingly being used in next-generation car infotainment and instrument clusters.

In recent years, the advancement of ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems), together with expanding car infotainment functionality, have prompted a shift towards higher resolution vehicle displays to improve visibility. As such, LED drivers with a local dimming function capable of turning off only the backlight in dark areas of the LCD improve display screen performance and reduce power consumption. They are now being considered by automotive manufacturers developing next-generation cockpits. But as the number of zones controlled with conventional direct-type LED drivers by a single IC is less than 100, the number of LED drivers and peripheral components will also increase as automotive displays become larger with more zones. This represents a significant design challenge.

To meet this need, ROHM developed products capable of controlling more zones than conventional ICs, making it possible to reduce the mounting area by reducing the number of LED drivers required. The BD94130xxx-M series of matrix LED drivers combines an 8-line switch controller with 24-channel current driver, allowing control (dimming) of up to 192 zones mini-LED for backlighting with a single IC. In addition, the mini-LEDs in each zone can be independently adjusted by using a local dimming function, contributing to larger contrast ratio, lower power consumption displays.

For example, with current mainstream 10-inch class infotainment displays that consist of approximately 600 zones, ROHM’s new products enable operation with just one-fourth of the number of LED drivers compared to existing (48-zone) products, decreasing LED driver mounting area by approximately 84 percent. This advantage will only increase as screens become larger and the number of zones rises inside next-generation cockpits.

Product Lineup
ROHM’s BD94130xxx-M series of matrix LED drivers combines a 24-channel current driver with a switch controller that can be divided into eight lines (maximum). The number of switch controller lines can be selected from among three patterns (4, 6, or 8) via register settings, supporting a variety of specifications based on the number of zones and LED current consumption. In addition, a built-in feedback control function maintains a constant feedback voltage independent of LED temperature characteristics, reducing thermal design man-hours, along with loss ratio.

Applications
ROHM’s new products are equipped with local dimming functionality to support a variety of high-contrast automotive displays.

Electronic mirrors (side/rear view)
Instrument clusters
Car infotainment
Head-up displays (HUDs)
Online Sales Information

Product launched April 2023
Online distributors: DigiKey, Mouser, and Farnell; products will be offered by other online distributors as they become available
Applicable Part Numbers: BD94130MUF-ME2, BD94130EFV-ME2

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